SAIL LABS members Christian Schmidt and Gerhard Backfried participated in the 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2018) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, RIT, Rochester, NY, USA.
Gerhard presented a paper co-authored with Professor Christian Reuter, Marc-André Kaufhold and Fabian Spahr of TU Darmstadt and University of Siegen (both in Germany) on the trends of Social Media related papers presented at previous ISCRAMS conferences. The study included more than 1300 papers which were investigated regarding the platforms, tools, languages and disasters covered by ISCRAM research.
Not surprisingly, Twitter proved to be the most extensively researched platform with articles reaching up to 30% of the published ISCRAM papers in 2014. Facebook, Ushahidi and OpenStreetMap follow at a much lower-scale; photo- and video-sharing platforms are gaining momentum in recent years.
Regarding the types of natural disasters, fires, earthquakes, floods and hurricanes dominated the incidents covered. Europe and North America proved to be the foci of research geographically. Human-induced incidents, such as terrorist attacks have been receiving higher levels of attention also at ISCRAM.
Current and future trends detected include a consolidation of NLP technologies and tools also for the so-called low-resource languages, a tendency toward increased privacy and more restricted access to data on Social Media platforms. Crisis Response and Management has become a highly inter-disciplinary field of activity, combining academia and practitioners with a high potential for more involvement on the part of the industry.
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